We've been investing heavily in cleaner fuel in Africa and around the world – educating governments, constructing new storage facilities and testing our fuel from tank to nozzle. As a result, we're bringing consistently high-quality fuel into more and more countries.
Cleaner fuels can already create benefits in four key areas
Cleaner fuel innovation
Education and collaboration
Quality across the supply chain
Cleaner fuel is essential to improve air quality around the world. But to supply cleaner fuel, countries must have the infrastructure to handle and distribute it efficiently and cost-effectively.
Investing over $700 million in cleaner fuel storage in Africa
Since 2012, we’ve been investing in regional hubs and offices throughout Africa to help improve the supply of clean fuel to the continent. We’ve increased our capacity to 1,545k m3 and at this scale, we can deliver high-quality fuel at the best possible price.
How investing in infrastructure enables cleaner fuel
To guarantee quality cleaner fuel, low-sulphur fuel must be stored in dedicated terminals to prevent comingling with other, lower quality fuels. Our partners rely on us to meet their clean fuel needs – so it’s of the utmost importance that we have the infrastructure to deliver.
Going above and beyond
In South Africa, for example, we’re now able to deliver fuel that exceeds the quality specification (500ppm) set by the government. Fuel coming through our Richards Bay terminal in the KwaZulu-Natal region has sulphur levels as low as 10ppm.
Fuel storage and delivery infrastructure
At Puma Energy, we’re helping countries with developing economies put in place the infrastructure needed to support clean fuel delivery. This can mean investing in new storage facilities – purpose-built to handle clean fuel – and increasing capacity.
In Nicaragua, for example, we’re working with the government to bring their fuel quality standards up to spec with the rest of Central America. We’re currently undertaking feasibility studies to convert our refinery so that it can process low-sulphur fuel for the first time.
In Ghana, we have recently opened a new terminal in Tema capable of handling 110 million litres of cleaner fuel. Also our terminal in Takoradi, is the first depot to store gasoline in Ghana’s western region, reducing reliance on deliveries from elsewhere.
TACKLING THE CHALLENGE OF CO-MINGLED FUEL IN GHANA
Commingling of low-quality and high-quality fuel is a major issue in many parts of Africa, where infrastructure is often not in place to keep the two types of fuel separate. In 2016, we invested heavily in fuel storage facilities in Ghana, to ensure a cleaner supply of fuel throughout the country. We now have four terminals in the country with a combined storage capacity of 171k m³, putting Ghana at the forefront of oil production in Africa.
INVESTING IN BOTSWANA’S MINING SECTOR
Puma Energy is Botswana’s main business-to-business petroleum and lubricant product supplier, helping to power the country. Before we entered the market, Botswana was dependent on South Africa for its fuel supply. In 2011, we invested $4 million in the construction of a 1,600m3 diesel storage facility for a 90 MW plant in Orapa, the home of Botswana's second largest diamond mine. Now, as the sole supplier of petroleum and lubricant products to the Orapa diamond mines, we ensure a consistent supply of high-quality fuel.
At Puma Energy, we’re championing the cleaner fuel agenda around the world. We always supply fuel that meets the requirements of the countries we operate in. And when we can, we exceed those requirements.
We’re constantly working on new ways to improve the quality of our fuel – to minimise harmful emissions, and maximise fuel economy for customers.
Making our fuel cleaner and more efficient
In 1995, lead was phased out of usage in gasoline. In recent years, one of our main areas of focus is reducing sulphur levels in our fuels. In South Africa, for example, fuel from our Richards Bay terminal has sulphur levels as low as 10ppm. While different countries have different requirements, we’ll always supply the lowest-sulphur fuel that countries are able to take; and we’ll continue to innovate to make our fuel cleaner and more efficient.
Achieving top-tier fuel quality certification in Latin America
Our fuel has been classified as top-tier in Puerto Rico, El Salvador and Panama by the Car Manufacturers Association; and we’re in the process of gaining certification in Guatemala and Honduras. The Association is the premier standard for gasoline performance in Latin America.
Investing in alternative, cleaner fuels
As well as supplying higher grade petroleum products around the world, we’re also growing our alternative fuel offer, including biofuel, biodiesel blends and Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG).
A co-product of natural gas and crude oil production, LPG is a portable, clean and efficient energy source. At Puma Energy, we’re making LPG available to consumers around the world. It’s a versatile energy source which can be used in more than 1,000 different applications.
We’re introducing LPG into developing markets where it hasn’t previously been widely available. In many cases it is used in place of burning firewood or kerosene, which release high levels of harmful emissions. Using LPG instead improves health and also saves people time and money.
We are also increasing our use of ethanol blends across markets. These are certified biofuels, a blend of gasoline and ethanol, which is made from plant starch. The production and combustion of ethanol within them completes a cycle: returning the same amount of carbon dioxide and water used by plants back into the atmosphere. This makes ethanol blends a recognised renewable energy source.
CREATING ETHANOL-MIX BIOFUEL IN MALAWI
We’ve been supplying fuel in Malawi since 2011, and now have four storage terminals across the country. We’re currently innovating with biofuels in this region – turning ethanol from cane sugar into gasoline. Unlike finite fuels like oil, the biofuel mix we’re producing here can be recycled.
LPG BUSINESS IN PAPUA NEW GUINEA
Puma Energy recently helped a women’s cooperative food stall in Papua New Guinea to start using Puma LPG Gas to cook their food. This saves the women time and money having to source less efficient fuel from elsewhere. We have also set the women up as resellers of Puma Gas, allowing them to boost their business proposition.
Capturing fuel emissions
Capturing harmful emissions is another important factor in reducing the negative impacts of air pollution.
At Puma Energy, we test for vapour pressure on our gasoline and light materials. Depending on atmospheric pressure and temperature, hydrocarbon vaporises. In hotter climates, for instance, if a gasoline bottle is left open, half of its contents will have vaporised within a day. To avoid hydrocarbon coming into contact with the atmosphere, it’s necessary to install tanks and pipelines that prevent evaporation.
HYDROCARBON VAPOUR CAPTURE
At Puma Energy, we use hydrocarbon-capture infrastructure known as a floating roof to prevent fuel vaporisation. Over 99% of all our tanks that handle gasoline come with internal or external floating roofs. In warmer climates like Puerto Rico, this is particularly important, as high air temperatures increase the risk of vaporisation.
VAPOUR RECYCLING IN PUERTO RICO, ESTONIA AND TANZANIA
At our facilities in Puerto Rico, Estonia and Tanzania, we have installed state-of-the-art vapour recycling systems. Even with a floating roof to contain hydrocarbon vapour, a certain level of loss is still possible. There’s also a risk of loss during the loading of trucks. That’s why we install systems that recover any vapour released from truck vents, convert it back into liquid, then recycle it into the facility.
Introducing higher standards for fuel is a major issue on the global agenda. In mature markets, major progress on limiting vehicle emissions and increasing fuel standards has been made. In emerging markets, progress has been slower.
The most effective way to introduce cleaner fuels and cleaner vehicles is for governments to impose mandatory standards. Most countries model their specifications on Europe or the United States, with variations depending on their economic or local conditions.
At Puma Energy, we understand that the transition to cleaner fuels is not a simple one, and cannot be completed overnight. We are committed to educating governments on the benefits of cleaner fuel, and supporting them to make this transition as effectively and efficiently as possible.
As demand for vehicles increases around the world, particularly in developing countries, we’ll continue to encourage governments to raise fuel quality standards. Puma Energy is ready and willing to supply cleaner fuel, more efficient around the world.
Encouraging and supporting governments to improve fuel specifications
At Puma Energy, we provide a secure supply of quality fuel to many markets around the world. Fuel quality standards, set by governments, vary from country to country. Our fuel always complies with the sulphur PPM limits set by governments. Where infrastructure and investment allows, we deliver above and beyond the minimum standards.
We also engage with transport ministers, government representatives and wider bodies to advise on the benefits of transitioning to cleaner fuel. We recognise that this is a complex area, with many influencing factors, and so we offer as much support as we can to aid this transition.
Alongside this, we constant review and enhance our equipment and policies as part of the tender process, helping us better educate and support governments.
SUPPORTING GHANA TO IMPROVE THEIR SPECIFICATIONS
The Ghanaian government recently made the shift towards higher fuel quality standards, after we had encouraged them to do so. We were then able to become the first company to import high-quality, low-sulphur fuel (50ppm) to Ghana, using the cleaner fuel storage facilities we’d created in Tema and Takoradi.
THE JOURNEY TO HIGHER FUEL SPECIFICATIONS IN THE EU
The majority of transport in the EU relies on oil imported from elsewhere. In 2013, the European Commission launched its clean fuel strategy, aimed at developing a single market for cleaner,alternative fuels for transport in Europe.By 2009, the average sulphur content of petrol and diesel in the EU was below 10ppm.
Collaborating with peers and bodies to enhance fuel and air quality
If we are to see an improvement in air quality around the world, governments, industry and regional organisations all need to work together. At Puma Energy, we are committed to playing our role in this collaborative process.
We partner with the American Society of Testing and Materials, American Petroleum Institute, United Nations Global Compact, IATA, Joint Inspection Group and the World Economic Forum. We’re also members of the African Refinery Association.
Working towards Africa-wide standards
To tackle the growing air pollution crisis in Africa, the African Refinery Association (ARA) is aiming for a minimum of Africa-wide AFRI-4 fuel standards by 2020, and AFRI-5 standards by 2030. At Puma Energy, we’re working closely with the ARA to help raise fuel standards throughout the continent. As fuel specifications are tightened, we must also concentrate on modernising refinery infrastructure to handle higher grade fuel.
At Puma Energy, we deliver exceptional fuel quality throughout the supply chain from storage and transportation, to retail – for gasoline and our wider product ranges, such as lubricants. We’ve made it our priority to invest in the highest quality, safest assets across the supply chain. In doing this, we can guarantee the quality of our fuel for customers worldwide.
How we are enhancing fuel standards across the supply chain
Puma Energy operates in 49 countries around the world. All of our state-of-the-art fuel storage terminals are managed in-house, which gives us direct control of a critical point in the supply chain. We can protect the fuel from outside tampering and carefully monitor its quality throughout the process.
Testing for various qualities including sulphur levels is carried out at independent accredited laboratories. In more remote areas, we have our own purpose-built on-site laboratories to carry out testing. This testing, and regular bulk tank and pipe inspections, help us ensure that customers get exactly what they ordered.
Quality fuel from tank to nozzle
Fears that fuel has been tampered with along the supply chain is a major concern in many countries, particularly in developing markets. We’re providing reassurance by guaranteeing fuel quality from tank to nozzle. Our fuel is independently tested from the moment we receive the cargo until the minute it’s in the hands of our clients – from Certificates of Quality in our storage to regular inspections to ensure compliance.
Our retail site network is served by our accredited petrol tank vehicle fleet, giving us full control over fuel quality safety during transportation.
INTERNATIONALLY RECOGNISED TESTING STANDARDS
When testing our fuel along the supply chain, we adhere to standards laid out by the American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM). ASTM laboratory test methods for fuel products are recognised as the industry standard globally. ASTM petroleum test methods, combined with a high frequency of testing, help us ensure the consistency and reliability of our fuel supply.
HIGH-QUALITY LUBRICANT PRODUCTS
At Puma Energy, we’re meeting the growing demand around the world for fit-for-purpose lubricants, from monograde to multigrade mineral oil, and from semi-synthetic to fully synthetic oils for high-performance applications. We demonstrate traceability from refinery to local delivery to make sure that no properties of the oil products have changed during the product journey. And as with all of our products, all lubricants comply with international standards.
Raising standards across the supply chain
At Puma Energy, we’re always on the lookout for new markets where there’s a demand for a more reliable fuel supply. Working with stakeholders in those markets, we look at where we can fill gaps in the supply chain. To do this, we often invest in infrastructures such as storage facilities, ports and roads. We also invest in retail sites and transportation so that fuel can be distributed effectively. Putting this supply chain infrastructure in place means we can deliver high-quality fuels swiftly, reliably and at a fair price.
Safe, secure and clean storage infrastructure investment
In May 2017, we opened a state-of-the-art storage terminal in Thilawa, Myanmar. With a storage capacity of 91,000m3, this is the largest and most modern refined products import terminal in the country. Sophisticated fire-fighting systems, a robust emergency management plan and containment systems make this one of the safest and most secure sites of its kind. At Thilawa and elsewhere, we carry out regular safety training with all employees. We also maintain the highest standards of safety and security when transporting our fuels.
We are proud to set a standard in the industry with our infrastructure, modern quality control processes and independent on-site lab.